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Interface Settings

The Interfaces Table shows each configured interface in EdgeOS and provides various readback data and settings to control the behavior.

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Interface Settings

The following sections provides a brief description of each Field and an explanation of how to configure the available settings.

Enable / Disable

Field

Description

Configuration

Enable / Disable

Enables or Disables the interface.

Disabled Interfaces will only be shown if ‘All Interfaces’ checkbox is selected

Click/Slide to left to Disable.

Click/Slide to right to Enable

Interface Name

Field

Description

Configuration

Interface Name with hyperlink

User can configure the static IP address of an Interface as the Static IP has advantages and the following are a few advantages.

  • Easy to manage with DNS.

  • It would be easier to work remotely through a VPN or other remote services using the Interface.

  • It is reliable to access the geolocation-based services using the Interface.

  • It is reliable for audio and video communications through VoIP using the Interface.

To configure the static IP of an Interface, perform the following steps.

Steps

  • Click an Interface. The WAN Configuration pop-up window appears.

  • For Ethernet/Hardline, see Figure Ethernet / Hardline For CELL configuration, see Figure CELL Configuration. For VSAT, see Figure VSAT Configuration.

  • Click Yes in the Configure Static IP field.

  • Enter the IP address and subnet mask number in the IP Address/Subnet Mask field.

  • Enter the gateway address in the Gateway Address field.

  • Click Save.

Interface Types

Ethernet / Hardline

CELL Configuration

VSAT Configuration

WAN / LAN Type

Field

Description

Configuration

WAN/LAN Type

This field shows the type of the interface.

If the Interface type is. WAN, then this field can be one of:

  • Cell

  • Wi-Fi

  • Wired

  • VSAT

  • VSAT-LEO (Starlink)

  • VSAT-FBB

If Interface Type is ‘LAN’, then, this field can be one of:

LAN Trunk

LAN Access.

  • If Interface Type is VSAT Management, then this field is Blank.

Alias

Field

Description

Configuration

Alias

User can give an alias name to

the entire Interface.

To configure the alias name, perform the following steps.

Steps

  • Click Pencil icon next to the Interface.

  • Enter a unique alias name of user choice.

  • Click tick mark icon.

  1. Alias name of the WAN is saved. Or,

  2. To exit without giving an alias name, click x icon.

Internet State

Field

Description

Configuration

Internet State

This indicates the status of the Interface. Following are the statuses of the Interface.

 

  • Up. This indicates that internet connectivity is available on the site.

  • Down. This indicates that internet connectivity is not available on the site.

N/A

Eth State / Reset

Field

Description

Configuration

Eth State/Reset

This indicates the maximum capacity of the respective Ethernet cable connected to the server.

To view the Eth state details, hover on Info icon.

This shows the Eth state details.

State Change Count indicates the number of times the Internet State of the Interface changed since the last reboot.

Refer Figure Eth State Hover.

The info icon is blue when the Internet State is consistent for last 15 minutes and amber i when Internet State changes in last 15 minutes. (Down to UP or UP to Down).

To reset Interface:

Click on the reset icon This bounces the Interface if it is a physical interface. If it is a sub interface, it restarts the DHCP client.

Eth State Details

Eth State Hover

IP Address / Subnet Mask

Field

Description

Configuration

IP Address / Subnet Mask

This indicates the address of the network, host or device address, and subnet number.

N/A

Gateway Address

Field

Description

Configuration

Gateway Address

This indicates that the internet modems and switches on the VLANs can be reached through the gateway address. The hardware is provided by the respective companies or vendors.

The boxes connect to the network of the companies or vendors to establish internet connectivity on the vessel.

If WAN Type is CELL, then.

To access the Cellular modem to procure details and services (data consumed by the Interface and signal strength etc.) offered by the respective company or vendor, click the IP address link. User will be routed to the URL of the   company.

To procure details and services (data consumed by the CELL (LTE) and signal strength etc.) offered by the respective company or vendor.

  • Click Pencil icon peplink. The Peplink Access Details pop-up window appears, see Figure Peplink Access Details.

  • Enter the required details in the respective fields and click Save.

The user will be routed to the URL of the company.

  • HTS services support along with the VSAT (SES/Intelsat).

If WAN Type is VSAT, then.

  • Click Pencil icon. The VSAT Type pop-up window appears, Figure VSAT Type default pop-up.

  • If the VSAT modem is provisioned by Kognitive, then click Yes. The VSAT Type field becomes available.

Note: By default, No is selected. This indicates that the VSAT is not provisioned by Kognitive.

In the VSAT Type list, select one of the available options.

  • Global VSAT- Non-Kognitive VSAT Provider Single Modem on VSAT1. With this option selected, VSAT controller will show up with all the available data. Beam Switch will not be supported with this configuration.

  • Kognitive Global VSAT- Modem1 (SES) on VSAT1

  • Kognitive HTS VSAT- Modem1 (Hispasat) on VSAT1

  • Kognitive HTS/Global VSAT- Modem1 (SES) & Modem2 (Hispasat) on VSAT1

Note: SES and Hispasat are running two different iDirect platform firmware, hence the need for two modems.

  • Kognitive Global VSAT- Multiple ISPs- Modem1 (SES/Intelsat) on VSAT1

Note: SES and Intelsat configurations are saved in the EdgeOS System, and appropriate configuration is loaded on the modem.

  • Kognitive HTS/Global Coverage- Multiple ISPs- Modem1 (SES/Intelsat) and Modem2 (Hispasat) on VSAT1.

 

VSAT LEO (Starlink) service and support

If WAN Type is VSAT-LEO, then

  • Click Pencil icon. The VSAT-LEO Type pop-up window appears.

If the VSAT-LEO modem is managed by Kognitive, then click Yes. Then Management IP field is editable.

By default, NO is selected. This indicates

that the VSAT-LEO is not managed by Kognitive.

See Figure VSAT-LEO.

 

Click on Yes and enter the Management IP of the VSAT LEO Management Interface.

 

If the WAN modem is available, then the user can add the WAN modem to Konnect Remote Access.

To add the WAN modem to the Konnect, perform the following steps.

Steps

  • Click Add to Konnect icon. The Add to Konnect pop-up window appears, see Figure Add to Konnect.

  • Click Confirm. The WAN modem connects to the Konnect.

Gateway Details

Peplink Access Details

VSAT Type default pop-up

VSAT Type Selection

VSAT-LEO

Add to Konnect - Remote Access

Add to Konnect

Probe / Latency (ms)

Field

Description

Configuration

Probe/Latency (msec)

Latency indicates the delay between the action and response in milliseconds.

Latency is available for the Interface whose status is Up.

The user can configure the probe  settings for the Interface.

Each WAN type has a specific default probe setting. This is however configurable.

To configure the probe settings, perform the following steps.

Steps

  •  Click Pencil icon next to the Interface. The Configure Probe Settings pop-up window appears, see Figure Configure Probe.

  • Click a probing profile in the Probing Profiles field.

To understand the various probing

profile, hover on the i icon. See Figure Probe Profiles Information.

To disable the probes, select the

Always Up profile of the profile.

Disabling the Interface probe will expose the following threats.

  • Reduce the probe rate to a few times an hour.

  • The speed test will be disabled.

  • It will also impact the Interface usage and reliability.

Therefore, it is highly recommended not to disable the probe. However, the Interface can be disabled for high costs low priority links.

 

Configure the following probe settings in the Probe Settings field.

  • Probing Method. Click one of the following probing methods.

  • ICMP. This engages lesser bandwidth to do a probe. However, many WAN access networks may block ICMP to evade the potential security threat.

  • HTTP.

  • Probe Frequency (sec). Enter the probe frequency at which the probe is to be performed.

If the user selects the Default Probing, Slow Probing, and Fast Probing    profile of the probe, then the probe  frequency and link up and down values will become available.

To define the probe frequency, the user must select the Custom Probing profile of the probe and enter the probe frequency within the range of 1 to 3600.

  • Link Up Counter. Enter the count of the probe to be observed at the configured probe frequency to deem that the Interface is up.

If the user selects the Default Probing, Slow Probing, and Fast Probing profile of the probe, then the probe frequency, link up down values will become available.

Note: For VSAT FBB WAN type, the default Probe Profile is High Cost.

To define the link up counter, the user must select the Custom Probing profile of the probe and enter the link up counts within range of 1 to 100.

  • Link Down Counter. Enter the count of the probe to be observed at the configured probe frequency to deem that the Interface is down.

If the user selects the Default Probing, Slow Probing, and Fast Probing profile of the probe, then the probe frequency and link up and down values will become available.

To define the probe frequency, the user must select the Custom Probing profile of the probe and enter the link down counts within the range of 1 to 100.

  • Click Save.

 

User can view the Probe/Latency chart of the Interface.

To view the Probe/Latency chart of the Interface, click Chart icon corresponding to the Interface. The Link Status section appears on the Performance Chart.

Probe Profiles

Probe Profiles Information

Probe Settings

Configure Probe

DNS Servers

Field

Description

Configuration

DNS Servers

This indicates the initial DNS used by the device to convert the name of the host to an IP address.

However, a maximum of three DNSs’ can be configured.

N/A

Speed Test (Speedtest)

Run an instant Speed Test, or schedule automatic Speed Tests that run in the background to generate historic performance data.

Field

Description

Configuration

Speed Test

The user can measure the performance of a specific Interface in real-time or configure automated periodic speed test

Click Speed Test. The Speed Test Results pop-up window appears, see Figure Speed Test.

The speed test result includes the upload and download speed in Mbps and time stamp i.e., date and time when the speed test was performed.

The speed test can be performed for the Interface whose state is Up.

Default Speed Test settings per WAN type are:

  • CELL– Enabled, every 24 Hours

  • VSAT- Enabled, every 6 Hours

  • VSAT-LEO – Enabled, every 1 Hour

  • VSAT-FBB – Disabled

  • Wired – Enabled, every 1 Hour

  • Wi-Fi – Enabled, every 1 Hour

To configure the periodic speed test, perform the following steps.

Steps

  • Click Pencil icon next to the Interface. The Interface Speed Test pop-up window appears, see Figure Speed Test.

  • Click Yes under the Enable periodic Speed Tests.

To select a different periodicity value (other than default), Click the Speed Test Periodicity list, select the desired value, see Figure Speed Test List.

  • Click Save.

image-20240628-044426.png

Edit Speed Test Settings

Periodic Speed Test (Speedtest)

Click the Pencil Icon next to Speed Test to configure periodic speed tests for an individual WAN source. The data from these periodic tests can be viewed in Performance Charts > Speed Test Results.

Periodic Speed Tests use an amount of data proportional to the throughput/speed of the WAN source. WAN sources with high throughput (Download and Upload Mbps) will potentially use a large amount of data. Take care in selecting the period/frequency of speedtests for metered links.

Speed Test

Speed Test List

Speed Test

Public IP Address (Display)

Fields

Description

Configuration

Public IP Address/Service Provider

Public IP Address the public or global IP address used to access the internet. The public or global IP address is assigned by the internet service provider (ISP).

Service Provider indicates the name of ISP.

This information is available once speed test is run successfully on this interface, either manually or periodically.

POP Dropoff

Point Of Presence

Fields

Description

Configuration

POP Dropoff (US Internet)

Drop off traffic at the designated POP dropoff

Use the toggle to turn ON-OFF the POP dropoff feature

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