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Interfaces

Updating Wan Trunk

The WAN Trunk can also be called as WAN Interfaces. The user can view and update the configuration of the Interfaces present on the EdgeOS System.

Viewing Configured Interfaces Details

To view details of the Interfaces pre-configured on the EdgeOS System, do the following steps.

There is a flexibility that any ethernet interface on the EdgeOS System (applicable for all products) can be configured as either WAN interface, LAN interface or for VSAT management. Along with this flexibility, VLANs can be configured on the interfaces and the same can be configured as WAN sub-interface or as LAN access port.

Note: Though some of the interfaces are physically labelled on the servers as WAN/LAN, they can be configured as per the need.

  • Login into the EdgeOS Portal.

  • Click the three dots icon at the top right corner of the homepage.

  • Click Configuration Wizard.

  • Click Interfaces, see below.

Interface Screen

Details of the Interfaces present on the EdgeOS System are listed on the Interfaces Screen.

Note: By Default, only enabled Interface are shown. To see all the interfaces, click the All Interfaces checkbox on the top. When checked All Interfaces, the user will be able to see all the Interfaces.

The user can also press on the Refresh button to refresh the page and get the latest data. By default, this screen refreshes every 30 seconds.

The user can upload configuration from available backup by clicking on Folder icon.

There are three types of Interfaces i.e., WAN, LAN and VSAT Mgmt. If the Status of an Interface is Up, then the various details such as State of the link, IP address or Subnet Mask populate on the Interfaces Screen. For details of attributes of each row, See tables below.

Fields

Description

Configuration

Enable/Disable Toggle

 

 

 

This slider allows the user to enable  or disable this network interface.

User can modify an interface only when it is in the disabled state.

N/A

Fields

Description

Configuration

Interface Name

This indicates the network interface that is available on the vessel, along with some pre-configuration.

User can edit the network interface by disabling it and then clicking on the ‘gear’ icon.

To edit the interface, perform the following steps.

Steps

  • Disable the Interface.

  • Click the Gear icon. The user will be presented with a configuration dialog.

In this dialog, they can modify:

The Interface Type: WAN, LAN or VSAT Mgmt.

 

 

The ‘Alias’, a name for the interface.

If the Interface Type is ‘WAN’, user can also  configure the WAN Type, which is one of:

  • Cell

  • Wi-Fi

  • Wired

  • VSAT

  • VSAT-FBB (L-Band)

  • VSAT-LEO (Starlink)

  • VSAT-VOIP

  • VSAT-HighSpeed

  • VSAT-Unlimited

If Interface Type is ‘LAN’, user can also configure the LAN Type, which is one of:

  • LAN Trunk

  • LAN Access.

If the LAN Type is ‘LAN Access’, user must further specify the ‘Sub I/F id’.

If Interface Type is VSAT Management, user can also additionally configure:

  • VSAT Mgmt IP/Subnet

  • Alias

  • VSAT WAN

  • Modem IP

  • Modem Username

  • Modem Password

  • ACU IP

Click Save when done or click ‘X’ to cancel.

Interface Dialogue Box

WAN Configuration

LAN Type

LAN Type Sub I/F ID

VSAT Management

Updating a WAN Interface

To update a WAN Interface, perform the following steps:

  • Remove the WAN Interface to be updated from all WAN Profiles.

  • Click on the Toggle icon and disable the WAN Interface.

  • Click the Gear icon next to the Interface. A popup appears, see Figure Update WAN Interface.

  • Enter the Alias Name.

  • Select the desired WAN type from the drop down, see Figure Select WAN Type.

  • Click Save.

  • Click on the Toggle icon and enable the WAN Interface.

  • The Interface is updated as required.

Update WAN Interface

Select WAN Type

To configure a WAN Interface as Starlink, perform the following steps:

  • Remove the WAN Interface to be updated from all WAN Profiles.

  • Click on the Toggle icon and disable the WAN Interface.

  • Click the Gear icon next to the Interface.

  • Select the WAN type as VSAT-LEO from the drop down.

  • Enter the Alias Name for the Interface.

  • Click Save.

  • Click on the Toggle icon and enable the WAN Interface.

  • The Starlink Interface is configured.

WAN Interface VSAT-LEO

Configuring a WAN Interface as L-Band

To update a WAN Interface, perform the following steps.

  • Remove the WAN Interface to be updated from all WAN Profiles.

  • Click on the Toggle icon and disable the WAN Interface.

  • Click the Gear icon next to the Interface. A popup appears.

  • Select the WAN type as VSAT-FBB from the drop down.

  • Enter the Alias Name for the Interface.

  • Click Save.

  • Click on the Toggle icon and enable the WAN Interface.

  • The L-Band Interface is configured.

Interface VSAT-FBB

Configuring UWAN1 Interface as Ext5G

EdgeOS System variants having Ext5G modem connected, need to be configured on  the Interfaces Screen. Make sure that the Ext5G modem (Peplink 5G Adaptor) is connected to the EdgeServer uWAN1 USB3 port.

To configure the UWAN1 Interface as Ext5G, do the following steps:

  • Click on the Toggle icon and disable the UWAN1 Interface.

  • Click the Gear icon next to the Interface.

  • Select the Interface Type as WAN from the drop down.

Interface Type Selection

  • Select the WAN type as CELL from the drop down.

WAN Type Selection

  • Enter the Alias Name for the Interface.

  • Check the External 5G Modem checkbox.

Interface EXT5G

  • Click Save.

  • Click on the Toggle icon and enable the WAN Interface.

  • The Ext5G Interface is successfully configured.

Updating a LAN Interface

To update a LAN Interface, perform the following steps:

  • Click on the Toggle icon and disable the LAN Interface.

  • Click the Gear icon next to the Interface.

  • Enter the Alias Name.

  • Select the LAN type from the drop down. If the LAN Type is ‘LAN Access’, then additionally enter the Sub I/F ID.

  • Click Save.

  • Click on the Toggle icon and enable the LAN Interface.

  • The LAN Interface is updated as required.

LAN Type

LAN Type Sub I/F ID

Updating a VSAT Mgmt Interface

To update a VSAT Mgmt Interface, do the following steps:

  • Click on the Toggle icon and disable the Interface.

  • Click the Gear icon next to the Interface. A popup appears.

  • Check the Interface Name.

  • Select the Interface Type as VSAT Mgmt from the dropdown menu.

  • Enter the Alias Name for the Interface.

  • In the VSAT WAN field select the corresponding VSAT interface for which this interface acts as the management interface.

  • Enter the Modem Username and Modem Password.

  • Click Save.

  • Click on the Toggle icon and enable the VSAT Mgmt Interface.

  • The Interface is updated as required.

Select VSAT Mgmt Interface

Adding a New Sub Interface

The WAN Sub Interfaces can also be called WAN VLAN. To add a new Sub Interface, do the following steps:

  • Click on the Add icon on the top right of the Interfaces screen.

  • The user is prompted with add new interface dialogue box. See figure below.

Add New Interface

  • Select the parent Interface Name from the Interface Drop-Down Menu. See figure below.

Interface Name

  • Select the Interface Type of the new Interface (WAN Sub I/F option is available) See figure below.

Interface Type

  • Type the Alias Name.

Type Alias Name

  • Select WAN Type of the new Interface from the drop-down menu.

Select WAN Type

  • Type the Sub Interface ID (Sub I/F ID). See figure below.

Sub Interface ID

  • Click on Save.

The interface is successfully created, and the related interfaces appear together in a common color background, see figure below. The original WAN Interface (WANx) under which the new Interface is created appears disabled and a new native Interface is created with the name WANx_0 (here WANx is WAN2). The new Sub Interface is disabled by default and must be enabled after creation.

Configuration Wizard – Sub Interface Created

  • Uncheck the All Interfaces check box to view only enabled interfaces. The new Interface creation is complete.

Configuration Wizard – View Enabled Interfaces

Fields

Description

Configuration

Interface Name Hyperlinks

User can configure the static IP address of an Interface as the Static IP has advantages and the following are a few advantages.

  • Easy to manage with DNS.

  • It would be easier to work remotely through a VPN or other remote services using the Interface.

  • It is reliable to access the geolocation-based services using the Interface.

  • It is reliable for audio and video communications through VoIP using the Interface.

To configure the static IP of an Interface, perform the following steps.

Steps

  • Click an Interface. The WAN Configuration pop-up window appears.

  • For Ethernet/Hardline, see Figure Ethernet / Hardline For CELL configuration, see Figure CELL Configuration. For VSAT, see Figure VSAT Configuration.

  • Click Yes in the Configure Static IP field.

  • Enter the IP address and subnet mask number in the IP Address/Subnet Mask field.

  • Enter the gateway address in the Gateway Address field.

  • Click Save.

Ethernet / Hardline

CELL Configuration

VSAT Configuration

Fields

Description

Configuration

WAN/LAN Type

This field shows the type of the interface.

If the Interface type is. WAN, then this field can be one of:

  • Cell

  • Wi-Fi

  • Wired

  • VSAT

  • VSAT-LEO (Starlink)

  • VSAT-FBB

If Interface Type is ‘LAN’, then, this field can be one of:

LAN Trunk

LAN Access.

  • If Interface Type is VSAT Management, then this field is Blank.

Alias

User can give an alias name to

the entire Interface.

To configure the alias name, perform the following steps.

Steps

  • Click Pencil icon next to the Interface.

  • Enter a unique alias name of user choice.

  • Click tick mark icon.

  1. Alias name of the WAN is saved. Or,

  2. To exit without giving an alias name, click x icon.

Internet State

This indicates the status of the Interface. Following are the statuses of the Interface.

 

  • Up. This indicates that internet connectivity is available on the site.

  • Down. This indicates that internet connectivity is not available on the site.

N/A

Eth State/Reset

This indicates the maximum capacity of the respective Ethernet cable connected to the server.

To view the Eth state details, hover on Info icon.

This shows the Eth state details.

State Change Count indicates the number of times the Internet State of the Interface changed since the last reboot.

Refer Figure Eth State Hover.

The info icon is blue when the Internet State is consistent for last 15 minutes and amber i when Internet State changes in last 15 minutes. (Down to UP or UP to Down).

To reset Interface:

Click on the reset icon This bounces the Interface if it is a physical interface. If it is a sub interface, it restarts the DHCP client.

Eth State Hover

Fields

Description

Configuration

IP Address / Subnet Mask

This indicates the address of the network, host or device address, and subnet number.

N/A

Fields

Description

Configuration

Gateway Address

This indicates that the internet modems and switches on the VLANs can be reached through the gateway address. The hardware is provided by the respective companies or vendors.

The boxes connect to the network of the companies or vendors to establish internet connectivity on the vessel.

If WAN Type is CELL, then.

To access the Cellular modem to procure details and services (data consumed by the Interface and signal strength etc.) offered by the respective company or vendor, click the IP address link. User will be routed to the URL of the   company.

To procure details and services (data consumed by the CELL (LTE) and signal strength etc.) offered by the respective company or vendor.

  • Click Pencil icon peplink. The Peplink Access Details pop-up window appears, see Figure Peplink Access Details.

  • Enter the required details in the respective fields and click Save.

The user will be routed to the URL of the company.

  • HTS services support along with the VSAT (SES/Intelsat).

If WAN Type is VSAT, then.

  • Click Pencil icon. The VSAT Type pop-up window appears, Figure VSAT Type default pop-up.

  • If the VSAT modem is provisioned by Kognitive, then click Yes. The VSAT Type field becomes available.

Note: By default, No is selected. This indicates that the VSAT is not provisioned by Kognitive.

In the VSAT Type list, select one of the available options.

  • Global VSAT- Non-Kognitive VSAT Provider Single Modem on VSAT1. With this option selected, VSAT controller will show up with all the available data. Beam Switch will not be supported with this configuration.

  • Kognitive Global VSAT- Modem1 (SES) on VSAT1

  • Kognitive HTS VSAT- Modem1 (Hispasat) on VSAT1

  • Kognitive HTS/Global VSAT- Modem1 (SES) & Modem2 (Hispasat) on VSAT1

Note: SES and Hispasat are running two different iDirect platform firmware, hence the need for two modems.

  • Kognitive Global VSAT- Multiple ISPs- Modem1 (SES/Intelsat) on VSAT1

Note: SES and Intelsat configurations are saved in the EdgeOS System, and appropriate configuration is loaded on the modem.

  • Kognitive HTS/Global Coverage- Multiple ISPs- Modem1 (SES/Intelsat) and Modem2 (Hispasat) on VSAT1.

 

VSAT LEO (Starlink) service and support

If WAN Type is VSAT-LEO, then

  • Click Pencil icon. The VSAT-LEO Type pop-up window appears.

If the VSAT-LEO modem is managed by Kognitive, then click Yes. Then Management IP field is editable.

By default, NO is selected. This indicates

that the VSAT-LEO is not managed by Kognitive.

See Figure VSAT-LEO.

 

Click on Yes and enter the Management IP of the VSAT LEO Management Interface.

 

If the WAN modem is available, then the user can add     the WAN modem to the Konnect.

To add the WAN modem to the Konnect, perform the following steps.

Steps

  • Click Add to Konnect icon. The Add to Konnect pop-up window appears, see Figure Add to Konnect.

  • Click Confirm. The WAN modem connects to the Konnect.

Peplink Access Details

VSAT Type default pop-up

VSAT Type Selection

VSAT-LEO

Add to Konnect

Fields

Description

Configuration

Probe/Latency (msec)

Latency indicates the delay between the action and response in milliseconds.

Latency is available for the Interface whose status is Up.

The user can configure the probe  settings for the Interface.

Each WAN type has a specific default probe setting. This is however configurable.

To configure the probe settings, perform the following steps.

Steps

  •  Click Pencil icon next to the Interface. The Configure Probe Settings pop-up window appears, see Figure Configure Probe.

  • Click a probing profile in the Probing Profiles field.

To understand the various probing

profile, hover on the i icon. See Figure Probe Profiles Information.

To disable the probes, select the

Always Up profile of the profile.

Disabling the Interface probe will expose the following threats.

  • Reduce the probe rate to a few times an hour.

  • The speed test will be disabled.

  • It will also impact the Interface usage and reliability.

Therefore, it is highly recommended not to disable the probe. However, the Interface can be disabled for high costs low priority links.

 

Configure the following probe settings in the Probe Settings field.

  • Probing Method. Click one of the following probing methods.

  • ICMP. This engages lesser bandwidth to do a probe. However, many WAN access networks may block ICMP to evade the potential security threat.

  • HTTP.

  • Probe Frequency (sec). Enter the probe frequency at which the probe is to be performed.

If the user selects the Default Probing, Slow Probing, and Fast Probing    profile of the probe, then the probe  frequency and link up and down values will become available.

To define the probe frequency, the user must select the Custom Probing profile of the probe and enter the probe frequency within the range of 1 to 3600.

  • Link Up Counter. Enter the count of the probe to be observed at the configured probe frequency to deem that the Interface is up.

If the user selects the Default Probing, Slow Probing, and Fast Probing profile of the probe, then the probe frequency, link up down values will become available.

Note: For VSAT FBB WAN type, the default Probe Profile is High Cost.

To define the link up counter, the user must select the Custom Probing profile of the probe and enter the link up counts within range of 1 to 100.

  • Link Down Counter. Enter the count of the probe to be observed at the configured probe frequency to deem that the Interface is down.

If the user selects the Default Probing, Slow Probing, and Fast Probing profile of the probe, then the probe frequency and link up and down values will become available.

To define the probe frequency, the user must select the Custom Probing profile of the probe and enter the link down counts within the range of 1 to 100.

  • Click Save.

 

User can view the Probe/Latency chart of the Interface.

To view the Probe/Latency chart of the Interface, click Chart icon corresponding to the Interface. The Link Status section appears on the Performance Chart.

Probe Profiles Information

Configure Probe

Fields

Description

Configuration

DNS Server

This indicates the initial DNS used by the device to convert the name of the host to an IP address.

However, a maximum of three DNSs’ can be configured.

N/A

Fields

Description

Configuration

Public IP Address/Service Provider

Public IP Address the public or global IP address used to access the internet. The public or global IP address is assigned by the internet service provider (ISP).

Service Provider indicates the name of ISP.

This information is available once speed test is run successfully on this interface, either manually or periodically.

Fields

Description

Configuration

Speed Test

The user can measure the performance of a specific Interface in real-time.

Click Speed Test. The Speed Test Results pop-up window appears, see Figure Speed Test.

The speed test result includes the upload and download speed in Mbps and time stamp i.e., date and time when the speed test was performed.

The speed test can be performed for the Interface whose state is Up.

Default Speed Test settings per WAN type are:

  • CELL– Enabled, every 24 Hours

  • VSAT- Enabled, every 6 Hours

  • VSAT-LEO – Enabled, every 1 Hour

  • VSAT-FBB – Disabled

  • Wired – Enabled, every 1 Hour

  • Wi-Fi – Enabled, every 1 Hour

To configure the periodic speed test, perform the following steps.

Steps

  • Click Pencil icon next to the Interface. The Interface Speed Test pop-up window appears, see Figure Speed Test.

  • Click Yes under the Enable periodic Speed Tests.

To select a different periodicity value (other than default), Click the Speed Test Periodicity list, select the desired value, see Figure Speed Test List.

  • Click Save.

Speed Test

Speed Test List

Speed Test

Fields

Description

Configuration

US Internet

To allow access to the US internet.

Use the toggle to turn ON-OFF US Internet.

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